U.S. greasy shorn wool production was 30 million pounds in 2011, which was 3 percent lower than in 2010. Greasy wool production that year translated into 16 million pounds of clean wool. Sheep and lambs shorn for wool totaled 4.1 million head in 2011. The top states for wool production are Texas, Wyoming, Montana and California.

U.S. farm prices for shorn wool have varied widely over the past decade. For example, prices were only $0.33 per pound in 2000 but increased to $0.99 per pound in 2008 and $1.15 per pound in 2010. The production of high-value fine wools (25 microns or less) represents more than one-half of U.S. wool production.  April 2012 . . .  Wool




  • Cotton and Wool Yearbook, ERS, USDA.
  • Montana Farm Flock Sheep Production Handbook (or pdf), Montana State University - This handbook provides chapters on sheep selection, breeding, reproduction, nutrition and flock management. It discusses breed selection as it relates to wool.
  • Sheep and Goat Fund, National Livestock Producers Association - A revolving fund for sheep and goat businesses to further the development of value-added products.
  • Sheep: Sustainable and Organic Production, Appropriate Technology Transfer for Rural Areas (ATTRA), NCAT, 2010 - This site provides information related to sustainable sheep production. The topics include breed selection, grazing, pasture lambing, alternative health management and innovative marketing ideas for wool and lamb products.

Businesses/Case Studies

Links checked December 2013.