Hazelnuts

Updated August 2015 by Christina Romero, AgMRC, California Polytechnic University, Pomona

Production

Oregon grows 99 percent of the U.S. hazelnut crop. In 2014, there were 36 tons of hazelnuts harvested valued at $129 million dollars.  (NASS 2015)

It is projected that hazelnut production in Oregon is forecast to be 39,000 tons in 2015, according to the objective yield survey. If realized, this would be an 8 percent increase from 2014’s hazelnut crop. (NASS 2015)

Turkey still dominates the world hazelnut industry, generally producing about 75 percent of the world's total. However, recent weather and disease issues affecting Turkey’s crops have increased demand from the United States. (FAO 2015). 

Value-added Products

Hazelnuts are often featured in chocolate truffles or ground into meal and used as flour in cakes, cookies and breads.

Chocolate-hazelnut spreads are a popular product similar to peanut butter. An increasing number of food companies have started to make their own version of this spread, which are now available at most major grocery chains.

Hazelnuts are sold unshelled, as whole, diced, sliced or ground kernels, as paste or as oil. The highest quality nuts, which command the highest prices, are sold unshelled. The most important market for these nuts is the snack food industry.

Financial

Helpful enterprise budget for hazelnuts:

Exports/Imports

In 2014-15 the United States exported hazelnuts valued at nearly $117.7 million, reflecting a steady increase over the previous five years. The majority of the exported hazelnuts are unshelled. The leading markets for the unshelled hazelnuts are Canada, Vietnam, and Hong Kong. (FAS 2015)

U.S. imports of hazelnuts have generally increased. In 2015, the value of hazelnut imports, of fresh, processed, and preserved nuts increased to more than $42 million in 2015, indicating that U.S. demand is increasing.  (FAS 2015)

Sources

Fruit and Tree Nuts, Economic Research Service (ERS), USDA.
Global Agricultural Trade System (GATS), Foreign Ag Service (FAS), USDA.
Hazelnut Production, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Hazelnut Tree Report, Oregon Field Office, National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), USDA, 2015.

Prepared March 2008 and updated August 2015.