Revised July 2012 by Diane Huntrods, AgMRC, Iowa State University.
Fruits are defined as a product of vegetable growth edible to humans, such as the developed ovary of a seed plant with its contents and accessory parts, which includes the pea, pod, nut, tomato and pineapple. A fruit may also be the edible part of a plant developed from a flower with its accessory parts, such as the apple, lemon and peach. The most popular fresh fruits in the United States are (in order): Bananas, apples, oranges, grapes and strawberries.
In 2011, U.S. production of the leading noncitrus fruit crops reached 18.0 million tons, up 1 percent from the previous year. The value of the crops totaled $13.9 billion, up 12 percent from 2010. (NASS 2012)
Larger apple, cultivated blueberry, cherry and strawberry crops contributed to the increase in noncitrus production. Both production and value increased for black raspberries, boysenberries and tart cherries. (NASS 2012)
The U.S. citrus crop for the 2010 season totaled 11.7 million tons, up 7 percent from the 2009 season. Although bearing acreage continued to decline for most citrus fruits, production was higher in 2010 than in 2009 for all citrus fruits. (NASS 2011)
Florida accounted for 63 percent of total U.S. citrus production, California produced 33 percent, and Texas and Arizona produced the remaining 4 percent. Florida remained the largest producer of oranges and grapefruit, while California remained the largest producer of lemons. (NASS 2011)
The value of the 2010 U.S. citrus crop increased slightly from last season, to $3.0 billion. However, the total value of oranges and of grapefruit declined from the previous season while the value of lemons, tangelos, tangerines and mandarins increased for the second season in a row. (NASS 2011)
- Aronia Berries
- Melons, See Vegetables.
- Watermelons, See Vegetables.
Table 5. Organic Fruit and Tree Nuts Harvested from Certified and Exempt Organic Farms: 2008, 2008 Organic Production Survey, National Ag Statistics Service (NASS), USDA, 2010.
Table 6. Organic Berries Harvested from Certified and Exempt Organic Farms: 2008, 2008 Organic Production Survey, NASS, USDA, 2010.
Fruits and Nuts: 2007 and 2002, 2007 Census of Agriculture - State Data, NASS, USDA, 2009.
Berries: 2007 and 2002, 2007 Census of Agriculture - State Data, NASS, USDA, 2009.
High Tunnel Production Information, Iowa State University, 2012.