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Fruits

Revised November 2013 by Diane Huntrods, AgMRC, Iowa State University.

Fruits are defined as a product of vegetable growth edible to humans, such as the developed ovary of a seed plant with its contents and accessory parts, which includes the pea, pod, nut, tomato and pineapple. A fruit may also be the edible part of a plant developed from a flower with its accessory parts, such as the apple, lemon and peach. The most popular fresh fruits in the United States are (in order): Bananas, apples, oranges, grapes and strawberries.

In 2012, U.S. production of the leading noncitrus fruit crops totaled 17.4 million tons, down 4 percent from the previous year. The value of the crops totaled $15.0 billion, up 8 percent from 2011.  (NASS 2013)

Larger blueberry, cranberries and olive crops were offset by smaller apple and grape harvests. Both production and value increased for blackberries, sweet cherries, cranberries, olives and strawberries.  (NASS 2013)

The U.S. citrus crop for the 2012 season totaled 11.2 million tons, down 4 percent from the 2011 season. The value of the citrus crop also fell from last season, dropping 15 percent to nearly $3.2 billion. Although the total value of oranges and grapefruit declined for the second season in a row, the value of tangerines increased for the third season in a row.  (NASS 2013)

In 2012, Florida accounted for 63 percent of total U.S. citrus production, California produced 34 percent, and Texas and Arizona produced the remaining 3 percent. Florida remained the largest producer of oranges and grapefruit, while California remained the largest producer of lemons and tangerines.  (NASS 2013)


Sources

Citrus Fruits: Annual Summary, National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), USDA.
Noncitrus Fruits and Nuts, NASS, USDA.
 

 

Related Links

USDA AMS Fruit and Vegetable Market News

Table 5. Organic Fruit and Tree Nuts Harvested from Certified and Exempt Organic Farms: 2008, 2008 Organic Production Survey, National Ag Statistics Service (NASS), USDA, 2010.

Table 6. Organic Berries Harvested from Certified and Exempt Organic Farms: 2008, 2008 Organic Production Survey, NASS, USDA, 2010.

Fruits and Nuts: 2007 and 2002, 2007 Census of Agriculture - State Data, NASS, USDA, 2009.

Berries: 2007 and 2002, 2007 Census of Agriculture - State Data, NASS, USDA, 2009.

High Tunnel Production Information, Iowa State University, 2012.

 

 

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