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Industrial Hemp


Currently, U.S. legislation makes it illegal to raise industrial hemp (Cannabis sativa) commercially. However, numerous state and national initiatives are working to return industrial hemp production to the United States, where it once was a major crop. Fiber and food uses for industrial hemp are growing rapidly and have increased over 300 percent in the past few years. Much of that growth is coming from the increased sales of hemp food products.  July 2013 ...  Industrial Hemp



  • The Case for Hemp as a Biofuel, University of Washington, 2008 - This paper considers if using hemp to produce biodiesel and ethanol results in higher yields of ethanol than competing cellulosic crops including corn and switchgrass.
  • Global Hemp Website - This Web site explores industrial hemp as a renewable resource, explaining how it can be used in food, cosmetics, fuel, textiles, paper, cleaners and paint and building materials.
  • Hemp Biomass for Energy, Fuel and Fiber Company, revised 2006.
  • Hemp Fabric Goes High Fashion, Hemp Industries Association, 2008 - This association estimates that the North American retail market for hemp textiles and fabrics exceeded $100 million in 2007 and is growing around 10 percent per year, about the same rate as the general hemp market.
  • Hemp Oil and Hemp Fiber, Crop Production Costs, Manitoba Agriculture, Food and Rural Initiatives, Manitoba, Canada, 2008.
  • Industrial hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) as a papermaking raw material in Minnesota: technical, economic and environmental considerations, Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund, 2001.


Businesses/Case Studies

  • Dr. Bronner's Magic Soaps, California - This 60-year-old company produces certified organic liquid and bar soaps that contain coconut, hemp, jojoba and olive oils.
  • Hempzels, Pennsylvania - These hand-made artisan pretzels contain hemp.
  • Living Harvest, Oregon - This hemp food company sells hemp milk, hemp ice cream bars, hemp ice cream, hemp protein powder and hemp oil.
  • Manitoba Harvest Hemp Foods & Oils, Canada - Founded in 1998, this company is the only vertically integrated hemp food company in the world. 
  • Nutiva, California - This company markets such organic hemp products as hemp oil, hemp protein and hemp seed.

Links checked June 2015.


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