Revised March 2013 by Diane Huntrods, AgMRC, Iowa State University.
Fresh vegetable and melon production for 24 selected crops totaled 438 million cwt in 2012, up slightly from the previous year. The value of the crop was $10.1 billion, down 6 percent from 2011.
In terms of production, the three largest crops were onions, head lettuce and watermelons, which together accounted for 36 percent of total production. In terms of value, the three largest crops were onions, tomatoes and sweet corn. When combined, the three crops accounted for 26 percent of the total value.
California continued to be the leader in fresh vegetable production. The state accounted for more than 48 percent of national production and more than 50 percent of the value. Florida was the next largest producer of fresh vegetables, followed by Arizona.
Production of eight selected vegetables used for processing totaled 18.3 million tons in 2012, up 7 percent from 2011. The value of the major processing vegetables reached $2.0 billion, 13 percent above the previous year. The three largest crops, in terms of production, were tomatoes, sweet corn and beans. Combined, the three crops accounted for 92 percent of national production. The top three crops, in terms of value, were also tomatoes, sweet corn and beans. When these three processing vegetables were combined, they accounted for 79 percent of the total value.
California again led the nation in production and value of the eight selected processing vegetables in 2012. The state raised more than 70 percent of the national production and 51 percent of the national value. Other top processing vegetable states included Wisconsin, Minnesota and Washington.
Vegetables, 2012 Summary, National Ag Statistics Service, USDA, 2013.
- Avocados, See Fruits.
- Azuki Beans
- Dry Edible Beans
- Olives, See Fruits.
- Sweet Corn
- Sweet Potatoes
Organic Vegetables, Potatoes, and Melons Harvested from Certified and Exempt Organic Farms: 2008, 2008 Organic Production Survey, National Ag Statistics Service (NASS), USDA, 2010.
Vegetables, Potatoes, and Melons Harvested for Sale: 2007 and 2002, 2007 Census of Agriculture - State Data, NASS, USDA, 2009.
High Tunnel Production Information, Iowa State University, 2012.